Christina D. Frangiosa
Christina Frangiosa on Trademark Rights
Christina Frangiosa, a member of Eckert Seamans' Intellectual Property Group and Philadelphia office, discusses the benefits of registering trademarks.WATCH VIDEO
Christina D. Frangiosa counsels clients across various industries about intellectual property and technology law. Her combined litigation and transactional practice concentrates on copyright and trademark advisory services (search and clearance, application prosecution and maintenance, and use in commerce), counterfeiting, infringement, unfair competition, false advertising, trade secrets, licensing, and policy development.
Chris’s experience ranges from educating clients about protecting their copyright, trademark, and trade secret rights, to negotiating agreements to protect these rights, and finally, to litigating and resolving their enforcement claims or defending against claims filed by others. She has appeared in state and federal courts on behalf of her clients and manages their trademark portfolios before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and represents them in opposition and cancellation proceedings before the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB). Her clients have included advertising companies, authors, computer software developers, consulting firms, construction and building companies, educational organizations, entertainment-related companies, entrepreneurs, insurance companies, manufacturers, music groups, nonprofit organizations, consumer retail establishments, service companies, and website developers.
Chris is also very active in the legal community, serving in many key leadership roles of the American Bar Association’s Section of Intellectual Property Law, providing legal commentary on IP-related issues in the mainstream media, authoring articles, leading CLE sessions, and serving as the publisher of the Privacy and IP Law Blog, which has addressed recent developments in trademark, copyright, computer, data security, and privacy law for the past 13 years.
- Represented an insurance company in a TTAB opposition proceeding and on appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
- Represented several clients in opposition and cancellation proceedings before the TTAB, prosecuting or defending against claims of likelihood of confusion.
- Advise numerous clients in connection with trademark applications filed before the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, including in responding to Office Actions raising questions about descriptiveness, mere ornamentation, descriptive marks having acquired secondary meaning, and likelihood of confusion.
- Represented both plaintiffs and defendants in connection with cease and desist letters in various industries asserting trademark or copyright, rights against unauthorized users.
- Represented individual artist in copyright enforcement program relating to unauthorized copying of his copyrighted drawings.
- Quadratech, Inc. v. Auto Shops, Inc. d/b/a AllThingsJeep.com, Civ. A. No. 17-03780 (E.D.Pa.) – Defended aftermarket auto parts retailer in copyright infringement case involving use of photos on a website. Dispute was settled on mutally agreeable terms.
- Obtained dismissal of statutory damages and attorney fees claims as well as counts for unfair competition, misappropriation, and unjust enrichment against aftermarket auto parts retailer in federal court. Quadratec, Inc. v. Turn 5, Inc., d/b/a Extreme Terrain, Civ. A. No.: 13-6384, 2015 WL 4876314 (E.D.Pa. Aug. 13, 2015). Dispute ultimately settled on mutually agreeable terms.
- Represented photographer in copyright infringement and unfair competition case against book publisher who used her photographs in international and translated editions without authorization.
American Bar Association, Section of Intellectual Property Law (ABA-IPL)
IPL Section Council, Member (2022 – present; 2018 – 2022 Term)
Liaison to IP Associations on TM Issues Leadership Meetings (2018 – Present)
Policy Development Advisory Committee, Member (2022 – Present)
House of Delegates (HOD) Resolutions Committee, Member (2022 – present)
Chair, Trademark Modernization Act Task Force (2021 – Present)
Women in IP Action Group, Member (2016 – Present)
Previously served in the following capacities:
Membership Board, Member (2015 – 2021)
CLE Board, Member (2014 – 2021)
ABA IPL Spring Meeting 2019, Program Chair
- Co-Sponsor for trademark programming at ABA IPL Spring meeting in 2017 and 2018, for webinars in 2016, and at the ABA Annual Meeting in 2015
Trademarks & Unfair Competition Division, Chair (2016 – 2018)
Trademarks & Unfair Competition Division, Vice Chair (2014 – 2016)
ABA Cybersecurity Task Force, IPL Section Liaison (2014 – 2015)
Nominating Committee, Member (2013 – 2014)
Trademark Litigation Committee, Vice Chair (2013 – 2014)
Joint Task Force on Online Piracy and Counterfeiting (Anti-Piracy Task Force), Co-Chair (2011 – 2014)
Chair, Trademark Legislation Committee (2011 – 2013); Vice Chair (2009 – 2011)
International Data Protection & Online Security Newsletter, Editorial Board Member (2008 – 2009)
Fellow of the American Bar Foundation
International Trademark Association (INTA)
Legislation and Regulation Committee (2022 – 2023 Term)
- National Society Daughters of the American Revolution (Valley Forge Chapter), Member; American History Committee, Former Chair and Former Corresponding Secretary
- Society of Mayflower Descendants (Commonwealth of Pennsylvania), Member
- Order of the Sons and Daughters of Italy, Member
- Colonial School District, elected School Board Director (2011 – 2015)
Awards and Recognition:
- Selected for inclusion in Euromoney’s Women in Business Law: Expert Guide each year from 2015 to present as a leading trademark/copyright practitioner
- Selected for inclusion in Pennsylvania Super Lawyers – Rising Stars
- Named one of the “Top Attorneys” for Intellectual Property Law by Suburban Life magazine, 2016 – 2017
News and Insights
- “Supreme Court’s Opinion in Booking.com Case Suggests Trademark Registration May be Available for Certain Generic.com Marks,” Eckert Seamans’ Intellectual Property Alert July 15, 2020.
- “Protecting Creative Works After Fourth Estate v. Wall-Street.com,” co-authored, IP Watchdog.com, January 2020.
- “INSIGHT: Tips for Protecting Creative Works Following SCOTUS Copyright Ruling,” co-author, Bloomberg Law, August 2019.
- “Four Steps to Take Today to Protect Your Copyrights,” co-authored, PhotoPXL, July 2019.
- “IP Update: New Guidance — File Copyright Applications Routinely for Important Works,” Eckert Seamans’ Intellectual Property Update March 2019.
- “Barber Poles and Lapel Pins: A Trademark Perspective,” The Temple 10-Q, September 21, 2017.
- “Planning a ‘March Madness’ Promotion for Your Business? Beware the NCAA’s Wrath,” Entrepreneur Online, March 13, 2017.
- “Is Your Company a Trademark Bully?” Lawyer Issue, December 2016.
- “Copyright Ownership and IOT Devices,” The SciTech Lawyer, April 2016.
- “Plaintiff’s Damages,” Trademark Infringement Remedies (book and cumulative supplement), chapter editor, Bloomberg BNA/ABA IP Law Section, 2016 – Present.
- “Trademark Tips: Seven Experts Share their Secrets,” Landslide (an ABA publication), featured contributor, May/June 2015.
- “Can I Copyright My ‘Knight in Shining Armor’ Story?” DRI Today, April 14, 2014.
- “Trademark committee created to help USPTO combat fraudulent applications without burdening domestic filers,” World Trademark Review, January 6, 2021.
- “BYOD in the Workplace: Creating bring your own device policies to mitigate risks,” Smart Business Magazine, June 2015.
- “Intellectual Property Law Spring CLE Preview: Shutting Down Rogue Websites: International & Domestic Solutions,” Law Student Action Group, April 24, 2014.
- “As the IoT evolves, so do regulation and enforcement, experts say at IP Law Conference,” ABA News, April 2016
- “Don’t be a Target: How to Protect Data Security and Customers’ Trust,” Smart Business Magazine, March 2014.
- “Your Web Footprint: How to avoid some common pitfalls when doing business online,” Smart Business Philadelphia, August 2013.
- “Christina Frangiosa elected as Council Member of the American Bar Association’s Section of Intellectual Property Law,” August 2018.
- “Functionality & Trade Dress at the USPTO”, co-presenter, Strafford Live CLE Webinar: “Functionality in Trade Dress Prosecution and Litigation: Protecting the Look and Feel of Products and Packaging,” Jan. 25, 2022.
- “IP Protection and Limitations for Fictional Characters,” co-presenter, Strafford Live CLE Webinar, April 29, 2020.
- “Best Practices in Trademark Searching, Prosecution & Maintenance,” presenter, 7th Annual American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law Trademark Day with the USPTO, September 2019.
- “What’s New at the Trademark Office? Coffee with USPTO Trademark Leadership,” moderator, American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law’s 34th Annual IP Law Conference, April 2019.
- “Product & Package Configuration: Multi-Faceted IP Protection,” co-presenter, Eckert Seamans’ Continuing Legal Education Seminar, August 2018.
- “Ethical Issues in Trademark Practice,” moderator, American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law Webinar, June 2018.
- “Product Configuration: The Intersection of Trademark, Copyright and Patent and Registered Design Laws (Table Topic),” moderator, INTA Annual Meeting, May 2018.
- “Ethical Issues in Trademarks,” presenter, Pennsylvania Bar Institute, April 2018.
- “Ethical Issues in Trademark Practice,” co-presenter, American Bar Association’s 33rd Annual Intellectual Property Law Conference, April 2018.
- “Seeking Expert Advice – How to Deal with Survey, Industry and Damage Experts in Trademark and Copyright Cases,” co-presenter, West LegalEdcenter, January 2018.
- “How to Get Rid of Infringing, Proprietary and Just Plain Embarrassing Content from the Internet,” co-presenter, Pennsylvania Bar Institute, August 2017.
- “Trade Dress for Business Lawyers,” co-presenter, Pennsylvania Bar Institute, May 31, 2017.
- “Product Configuration — The Intersection of IP Rights,” co-presenter for Clear Law Institute webinar, May 2, 2017.
- “How to Get Rid of Infringing, Proprietary and Just Plain Embarrassing Content on the Internet,” co-presenter at the Pennsylvania Bar Institute’s 11th Annual Intellectual Property Law Institute, April 26, 2017.
- “Here Comes the Judge: Mock Preliminary Injunction,” moderator, ABA Intellectual Property Law Section 32nd Annual IP Law Conference, April 6, 2017.
- “Fair Use or Foul: Use of Other’s Works,” co-presenter, Clear Law Institute webinar, February 7, 2017.
- “Use and Abuse of Expert Witnesses in Trademark and Copyright Litigation,” co-presenter, Clear Law Institute webinar, January 9, 2017.
- “Is Your Company a Trademark Bully and, If So, so What?” co-presenter, Clear Law Institute webinar, October 11, 2016.
- “Redskins/Slants and Government Free Speech: Does it Matter?” Pennsylvania Bar Institute’s 10th Annual IP Institute, April 2016.
- “How IoT and Copyright Law Intersect: Ownership Issues and the Internet of Things,” ABA Intellectual Property Law Section, 31st Annual IP Law Conference, April 2016.
- “Copyright Ownership and IoT Devices,” ABA Section of Science & Technology Law’s Internet of Things National Institute, March 2016.
- “Discretion Governs: Recovering Attorney Fees in Copyright & Trademark Cases,” DRI Intellectual Property Litigation seminar, May 2014.
- “Shutting Down Rogue Websites: U.S. Legislative Response,” ABA IPL Section 29th Annual Conference, April 2014.
- “IP is All Around Us – Trademarks,” IP Law Section’s Presidential Showcase at the ABA Annual Meeting, August 2013.
- “Brand Protection: Ten Tips to Managing Trademark Rights Effectively,” Thomson West LegalEd Center webinar, February 2013.
- “Trademark and Internet Law Basics,” Drexel University Arts Administration Graduate Program – Law in the Arts class, February 2013.
- “The Scope and Severity of Extra-Territorial Online Piracy and Counterfeiting,” moderator, IPL Section’s Plenary Session at the ABA Annual Meeting, August 2012.
- “Pirates and Counterfeiters: Enforcing Copyrights and Trademarks Online,” moderator, ABA IPL Section 27th Annual Conference, March 2012.
- “Federal Legislation to Combat Online Piracy and Counterfeiting,” Pennsylvania Bar Institute, CLE Presentation to IP Committee of Philadelphia Bar Association, December 2011.
- “Top 10 Ways to Preserve Your Trademark,” Pennsylvania Bar Institute Fourth Annual IP Institute, April 2010.
- “Ethics in Trademark Application Prosecution: Alleging ‘Fraud in the PTO’ After In re Bose,” ABA IPL Section 25th Annual Conference, April 2010.
- “Absolute Accuracy Required: The TTAB’s Medinol Standard Requires Cancellation of Registration Where the Description is Erroneously Broad,” Pennsylvania Bar Institute Third Annual IP Institute, March 2009.
Chris developed a strong affinity for genealogical research when she took an “American Storytelling” class in college. One of the class assignments was to interview two of the student’s oldest living relatives – who were not related to each other – and collect several types of stories, such as wedding stories, birth stories, first job, what it was like to live through key historical events (like the Depression and World War II), and many others. Chris traveled to Ohio to interview one set of grandparents, and then to New Jersey to interview the other set.
These trips opened the doors to many long conversations and letter-exchanges with her grandparents over the next 20 years, resulting in each of them writing autobiographical accounts of their lives. Now that all of her grandparents have passed, these accounts provide invaluable insights into their experiences. Chris has met several other genealogists in her family and documented various family lines on both sides of the family through several generations and emigration to America. This research has also resulted in her discovery of at least five ancestors who supported the American Revolution – two of whom she has documented with sufficient proof to support her membership in the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution (NSDAR), and three others for which she needs to break through some brick walls before submitting as supplemental applications.
Chris is a great believer in and supporter of public education and completed a four-year term as an elected School Director (member of the school board) for the Colonial School District. She also previously served for three years as chair of the NSDAR VAlley Forge Chapter’s American History Essay Contest.